What Causes Male Factor Infertility?

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What Causes Male Factor Infertility?

Causes Male Factor Infertility

What Causes Male Factor Infertility?

By Andreia Trigo BSc MSc Nursing & Beatriz Trigo BSc Psychology

Causes Male Factor InfertilityMale factor is responsible for 50% of all infertility cases in couples. There are several aspects that can cause male factor infertility. In this article we discuss possible causes, from medical, environmental and lifestyle related.

Male fertility is a complex process:

  • You must produce healthy sperm.
  • Sperm have to be carried into the semen.
  • There needs to be enough sperm in the semen.
  • Sperm must be functional and able to move.

Medical causes of male factor infertility

Problems with male fertility can be caused by several medical issues:

  • Varicocele which is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle.
  • Infections in the male reproductive system.
  • Defects or blockages in the tubes that transport sperm.
  • Retrograde ejaculation which can be caused by diabetes, spinal injuries, medications, and surgery of the bladder, prostate or urethra.
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Antibodies that attack the sperm.
  • Cancer that affects the male reproductive organs or some forms of treatment for cancer.
  • Undescended testicles: when the testicles fail to descend and remain inside the body.
  • Hormone problems
  • Chromosome defects
  • Celiac disease
  • Medications like testosterone, steroids, chemotherapy.

Environmental causes of male factor infertility

Exposure to certain environmental factors can affect fertility:

  • Chemicals
  • Heavy metals
  • Radiation
  • Overheating the testicles by clothing, sitting for long periods, having the laptop on the lap.


Lifestyle causes of male factor infertility

Certain lifestyle and habits can also affect male fertility:

  • Drugs like steroids, cocaine, marijuana.
  • Alcohol 
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Chronic emotional stress, including problems with fertility, can interfere with certain hormones related to sperm production.
  • Severe depression may cause reduced libido, erectile dysfunction, or delayed or inhibited ejaculation.

If you are concerned about male factor infertility and believe you may have any of the risk factors above, schedule a consultation with your GP. You can also discuss it with our fertility nurse consultant. Book your Free Consultation here.

About Andreia Trigo

Andreia Trigo RN BSc MSc is the founder of the Enhanced Fertility Programme, multi-awarded nurse consultant, fertility coach, author and TEDx speaker.  Combining her fourteen-year medical experience, CBT, NLP and her own eighteen-year infertility journey, she has developed unique strategies to help people undergoing similar challenges achieve their reproductive goals. The Enhanced Fertility Programme is helping people worldwide and has been awarded Best Innovation in Business 2018 and E-Business of 2018.

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